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Download Absorbed in the moment? An investigation of procrastination, by Fuschia M. Sirois PDF

By Fuschia M. Sirois

Mood-repair conceptualizations of procrastination recommend that law of speedy temper is prioritized over instrumental motion in the direction of pursuits. the purpose of the present study was once to envision how and why absorption – a attitude reflecting a responsiveness to enticing stimuli – might account for procrastinators’ tendency to target instantly lucrative actions on the rate in their long-term ambitions, and the cognitive implications of being absorbed within the second. throughout pupil samples (Study 1: N = 103; research 2: N = 339) procrastination used to be linked to absorption. A bootstrapping research of the oblique results of procrastination on absorption via country anxiousness in examine 1 was once major assisting the hypothesized function of absorption as a vulnerability in the direction of mood-regulating distractions for procrastinators. In research 2 small yet major oblique results of procrastination on cognitive mess ups via absorption emerged, assisting the proposition that absorption could have a cognitive toll for procrastinators. Taken jointly, those findings recommend a cognitive get away speculation to give an explanation for how procrastinators take care of destructive moods, and gives new insights into the criteria and techniques that give a contribution to the self-regulation problems that represent trait procrastination.

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Extra resources for Absorbed in the moment? An investigation of procrastination, absorption and cognitive failures

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16 As with the results from behavioral economics, it is easy to imagine how these cognitive foibles might be dangerous in the wrong hands. In political campaigns, where they may be trying to get us to forget the all-important context of an opponent’s inflammatory statement—or in an advertisement where we are hammered again and again with the name of a product—or in partisan news media where we are told that the “fact checkers” are biased—we see the effect of these phenomena.

In each display, about an equal number of people tasted the same number of jams. But when the researchers later measured the results they found that those shoppers who had visited the booth with twenty-four choices used their coupons only 3 percent of the time, whereas those who had visited the booth with six jam choices used their coupons 30 percent of the time. In their analysis of these results, Iyengar and Lepper speculated that the complexity of the first task must have overwhelmed the shoppers.

We have suggested that this depends on a painstakingly acquired ability to exert some limited control over one’s own biases. Even among scientists, this ability may be uncommon, but those who have it may have a great influence on the development of scientific ideas. 22 To call accurate reasoners “freakish”—and assume despite their cogent performance that they must have cognitive biases anyway—is to draw a conclusion far beyond the data. Similarly, why assume without interviewing them that these skills were “painstakingly acquired” rather than natural, which would surely require an evolutionary explanation for why 10 percent of the human population apparently has this trait.

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