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Download Appropriate Technology: Technology with a Human Face by P. D. Dunn (auth.) PDF

By P. D. Dunn (auth.)

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Per capita energy consumption 'QJ 0.. >. en '-- "'c w Time FIG. 16 Resource use goals for the developing and the developed world 38 Appropriate Technology problem is the reverse, that of stimulating growth over the whole population so that resource use will rise asymptopically to much the same value as that of the developed countries. What of the time scale? I have deliberately left this off since it is merely speculation but I believe this graph does indicate what our long-term goals should be.

One view on why the rate of development is so slow is the 'vicious circle' argument. This suggests that poverty results in low investment; in tum, low investment results in low production, low production in low income, and low income in poverty. There are other vicious circles too. Hunger results in poor physique which in tum leads to low production. A third circle is that of poverty leading to low demand and h~nce low production. All three circles occur simultaneously and interact. , exist is self-evident; that they combine in this manner to inhibit development is less so.

On the other hand, one does not proceed many direction without work at field level and there is need for much more effort here. A. T. is concerned with community development, and does not have a political content or view. Nevertheless its application The State of the World- Views and Predictions 39 in a particular situation may have profound socio-economic effects and hence political consequences. No action is politically neutral, not even installing a pump, since the effect may be either to strengthen or weaken the existing social system.

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